These days gluten seems to be all over the place. Supermarkets are overwhelmed with gluten free labels. Not just that even restaurants have started including gluten-free products dishes in their menus. Although, you see it a lot but gluten is one of the most controversial topic these days.Surprisingly, most people have no idea what gluten is and how it works and they have no idea why health professionals make it a big deal. Now the question is what is gluten? It’s a type of protein that is found in cereal grains like wheat, rye, spelt and barley. The main function of gluten is that it help gluten containing food to maintain its shape. Gluten acts like glue for holding food. This article is going to elaborate the main reason why gluten is not a very healthy choice for people. Keep reading to find your answer.
Table of contents:
- What is gluten made of?
- Is gluten natural?
- What is gluten intolerance?
- Celiac diseases
- Wheat allergy
- Gluten free diet
What is gluten made of?
Gluten is made of two component Glutenin and Gliadin.
- Gliadin: It is a Prolamin protein. This component causes the most bad health consequences
- Glutenin protein: It is a Glutelin protein. It is responsible for refined baking properties in wheat. It also acts as sensitizing agent.
When gluten abandoned flour is mixed with water. Gluten protein makes a very gooey and sticky film. This sticky network has a glue-like consistency. Amazingly, the term glu-ten was derived from glue like consistency of flour along with water.
Is gluten natural?
One thing is for sure most plant based component is not man-made rather we have brought up some changes in the composition of those components. Gluten is a 100% natural. Gluten gives a glue like consistency to anything made of cereal grains. However, gluten is also used in manmade processed food. It acts as a thickener, I think because of this very property people started believing that gluten is not natural. One thing to keep in mind is that gluten is not only present in wheat rather there are other products too which have a higher amount of gluten like barley.
What is gluten intolerance?
As we all know gluten is a form of protein that is found in cereal grains. Apart from this, most of the people tolerate gluten very well. Gluten sensitivity or intolerance occurs in a form of a certain reaction when someone eats any gluten containing product. There is a wide range of symptoms occurring because of gluten intolerance. Here are some:
- Joint pain
- Gastro intestinal issues
Some people ask,what is gluten sensitivity? And what is the difference between gluten intolerance and gluten sensitivity? The answer to this question is that both these terms refer to the same thing. There are some of the diseases associated with gluten sensitivity like celiac disease and wheat allergy. The gluten intolerance is diagnosed with a blood test (most common blood test for gluten intolerance is IgA-tTG test). Only in few extreme cases, doctors conduct a small intestinal biopsy in which they take tissue and evaluate the damage.
This type of disease is also known as coeliac disease. It is an autoimmune disease. Around 1 % of world population gets affected because of this. Among all other diseases caused by gluten intolerance, this disease is most extreme one. In this disease body thinks that gluten component is a foreign intruder. Our immune system targets it along with gut’s lining. The damage in gut wall may cause the deficiency of nutrients, anemia and extreme digestive problems. Do you know 80 % of celiac patients have no idea about their disease is?
As clear by the name wheat allergy is an allergic reaction that occurs because of coming in contact with foods containing wheat. This form of allergy considered to be in top 8 food allergen in America. Following are symptoms of wheat allergy:
- Nasal congestion
- Itchy eyes
- Abdominal cramps
- Hives or rashes
- Itching in nasal cavity and in mouth.
- Breathing difficulty
Gluten free diet:
If you know the ground rules of gluten allergy intolerance, finding most convenient gluten-free diet become super easy task for you. Following is a list of some foods that do not contain dangerous amount of harming gluten:
- Corn: corn has low gluten even if it is present in any form like corn meal, corn flour or corn grits.
- Rice: rice and any form of it do not have much gluten amount present.
- Flax, quinoa, millet, sorghum, teff, soy and flax seed etc.
- Flours containing gluten free grains, coconut and beans
Following are some food with no gluten:
- Milk and dairy including margarine, cheese, yoghurt and ice-cream
- Vegetable oil of any form
- Meat, vegetables in any form, plain fruits, eggs, nuts, beans and legumes
- Monoglyceride and diglyceride ( types of fat)
- Different types of spices
Following are some non-gluten starch containing foods:
- Nut flours
- Gluten free oat
- Buckwheat Groats.
Since 2016, people seems to be head over heels about gluten free products. Most of us have little to no information about gluten and doctors are repeatedly asked, what is gluten? Gluten is a form of protein found in cereal grains which gives food sticky or glue like consistency. Gluten is also used as thickener in processed food. There are some diseases related to gluten intolerance. Most of the people have no idea about gluten intolerance. I have also mentioned some foods that should be included in diet of a gluten intolerant person. Go through this article and learn something new.